Medical Education and Research
USSA Education and Research
Education and research is integral for the advancement of knowledge and understanding of injuries in the sports of skiing and snowboarding, developing advanced skills and knowledge for both medical staff and pool participants who work closely with USSA athletes, as well as developing strategies effective in the prevention of injury and illness in our athletes. At this time we have a USSA Medical Staff member with 50% time dedicated to the furthering of our participation in research efforts in Injury Prevention in our sports through the USSA – SPRI Medical Research Group. The current areas of emphasis include:
Health Issue Management Strategy
During the Annual Sports Physical Exams, medical conditions are identified and handled on an individual basis. The development of strategies to address medical issues is critical to integrate into the overall program design and management.
Injury Prevention Strategies
It is essential to develop strategies to identify, as well as measure, common injuries in skiing and snowboarding. The implementation of our EMR, Presagia, is greatly assisting with streamlining injury data collection. In addition, the USSA has been working on collecting data in pre-season screens: hip and low back screens. In the 2014 summer season we have implemented a screening program for lower extremity to identify those at risk for ACL injury. There is currently no good literature that identifies the characteristics of those at risk of ACL in skiing and snowboarding, but we are utilizing the research in non-contact ACLs to identify those factors that might assist in reducing over all ACL risk in our athletes while specific research in skiing and snowboarding can be complete.
USSA Medical Emergencies in Skiing and Snowboarding (MESS) CME Course
In 2004, USSA inaugurated a Medical Emergencies CME Course, which provides education and practical skill development for USSA Medical Pool in acute injury triage and illness commonly seen when traveling with elite level skiing and snowboarding teams. This course is designed specifically for volunteer staff of the USSA Medical Pool. It will be held annually in conjunction with a USSA athletics event. The course provides NATABOC CEU credit for athletic trainers and CME for physicians/medical providers. The 2014 course will be held in Beaver Creek, CO after the conclusion of the Birds of Prey World Cup. This course is required for the USSA Medical Pool (once every four years for physician pool).
For information on this year's MESS Course, please see the Clinics/Seminars section.
FIS Injury Surveillance System
To reduce the number of injuries suffered by top-level athletes, FIS is developing an Injury Surveillance System (ISS) for all FIS disciplines. The FIS ISS will be led by the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center and supported by Don Joy Orthopedics.
The main objective of the FIS Injury Surveillance System is to provide reliable data on injury trends in international skiing and snowboarding at the elite level. Specific objectives include:
Monitoring injury patterns in all FIS disciplines
Monitoring trends in injury risk with time
Providing background data for in-depth studies of the causes of injury for particular injury types in specific disciplines, e.g. knee and head injuries in alpine skiing and snowboarding.
Gathering the Data
The FIS ISS will be developed based on the injury reporting system already established by the FIS Medical Commission, and will commence data collection at the beginning of the 2006-2007 winter season. Injury and exposure data for the FIS ISS will be collected from all FIS competitions. For the purposes of the FIS ISS, a reportable injury is defined as: all injuries that occur during competition or official training and require attention by medical personnel. If multiple injuries result from the same accident, the report should include information on all injuries. An example would be a skier who suffers a concussion, fractured ribs and a punctured lung from the same fall.
The Injury Reports are collected by FIS for medico-legal purposes and the ISS protocol will be submitted to the National Committees for Research Ethics in Norway. All data entered into the ISS will be anonymized, and the identity of injured athletes will be protected.
Roles and Responsibilities – who needs to do what
FIS ISS Steering Committee and Reporting
A Steering Committee has been established with three members, including the chair, appointed by FIS and the other two by the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Center (OSTRC). The Steering Committee consists of Bengt Saltin, FIS (chair), Hans Spring, FIS, Eero Hyvärinen, FIS, Roald Bahr, OSTRC and Stig Heir, OSTRC. The Steering Committee will meet twice yearly to report on the ISS and related research activities. The
Steering Committee will also handle requests from other research groups for access to data from the ISS.
Reports will be presented to the FIS Medical Commission and other relevant FIS commissions annually for review. The reports will serve as the basis for a risk management process, whereby the data are used to identify injury risk in FIS competitions and ensure that every possible effort is made to protect the health of the athletes.
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